What are the health risks of skin cancer?

Is skin cancer a major health concern?

Skin Cancer as a Major Public Health Problem. Skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States, and most cases are preventable. Skin cancer greatly affects quality of life, and it can be disfiguring or even deadly.

Who is most at risk of skin cancer?

Men age 49 and under have a higher probability of developing melanoma than any other cancer. From ages 15 to 39, men are 55 percent more likely to die of melanoma than women in the same age group. Women age 49 and under are more likely to develop melanoma than any other cancer except breast and thyroid cancers.

What is the main cause of skin cancer?

Most skin cancers are caused by too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. To lower your risk of getting skin cancer, you can protect your skin from UV rays from the sun and from artificial sources like tanning beds and sunlamps.

Why are most cases of skin cancer preventable?

Reduce sun exposure

Skin cancer is considered largely preventable because exposure to the sun’s UV rays, which is the main cause, can be reduced. Dr. Greenway recommends staying out of the sun during the most intense hours, between 10 am and 2 pm.

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What are 3 risk factors of skin cancer?

What Are the Risk Factors for Skin Cancer?

  • A lighter natural skin color.
  • Skin that burns, freckles, reddens easily, or becomes painful in the sun.
  • Blue or green eyes.
  • Blond or red hair.
  • Certain types and a large number of moles.
  • A family history of skin cancer.
  • A personal history of skin cancer.
  • Older age.

What age does skin cancer start?

The average age of people when it is diagnosed is 65. But melanoma is not uncommon even among those younger than 30. In fact, it’s one of the most common cancers in young adults (especially young women). For survival statistics, see Survival Rates for Melanoma Skin Cancer by Stage.

What are the 4 types of skin cancer?

There are 4 main types of skin cancer:

  • Basal cell carcinoma. Basal cells are the round cells found in the lower epidermis. …
  • Squamous cell carcinoma. Most of the epidermis is made up of flat, scale-like cells called squamous cells. …
  • Merkel cell cancer. …
  • Melanoma.

What decreases the risk of skin cancer?

Wear clothing that covers your arms and legs. Wear a hat with a wide brim to shade your face, head, ears, and neck. Wear sunglasses that wrap around and block both UVA and UVB rays. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher.

What are the warning signs of skin cancer?

Redness or new swelling beyond the border of a mole. Color that spreads from the border of a spot into surrounding skin. Itching, pain, or tenderness in an area that doesn’t go away or goes away then comes back. Changes in the surface of a mole: oozing, scaliness, bleeding, or the appearance of a lump or bump.

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Can smoking cause skin cancer?

People who smoke are more likely to develop squamous cell skin cancer, especially on the lips. Smoking is not a known risk factor for basal cell cancer.