Signs of nutritional deficiencies, arthritis, heart disease, and more can all be identified by certain nail abnormalities. Doctors and dermatologists are trained to carefully examine nails for these signs so they can conduct further tests and deliver a proper diagnosis.
Why do dermatologists look at your nails?
Board-certified dermatologists specialize in diagnosing and treating the skin, hair, and nails. They have the expertise to tell you whether the change is harmless or requires medical testing.
|Color||Disease or other health problem|
|Yellow nails||Lung disease, nail infection|
What are doctors looking for when they look at your fingernails?
Did you know your nails can reveal clues to your overall health? A touch of white here, a rosy tinge there, or some rippling or bumps may be a sign of disease in the body. Problems in the liver, lungs, and heart can show up in your nails.
What can a dermatologist do for fingernails?
Treatment usually begins with your dermatologist trimming your infected nail(s), cutting back each infected nail to the place where it attaches to your finger or toe. Your dermatologist may also scrape away debris under the nail. This helps get rid of some fungus.
What diseases show up in your nails?
Here are five signs to look for in your nails that can reveal important information about your health.
- Yellowing or Thickening: Fungus. …
- Brittle Nails: Anemia or Thyroid Disease. …
- Pitting and Grooving: Psoriasis or Alopecia Areata. …
- Dark Lines: Melanoma. …
- White Lines: Kidney Disease or Liver Abnormalities.
What your nails say about you personality?
If you’ve got long nail beds, you’re “a mild-tempered romanticist.” If your nails are broad sideways, you’re a “short-tempered theorist.” Rounded or egg-shaped, you’re a “laid-back pacifist.” Squarish, you’re “serious and hard-headed” and “most likely a man.”
What are the signs of unhealthy nails?
See your doctor if you have any of these symptoms:
- discoloration (dark streaks, white streaks, or changes in nail color)
- changes in nail shape (curling or clubbing)
- changes in nail thickness (thickening or thinning)
- nails that become brittle.
- nails that are pitted.
- bleeding around nails.
- swelling or redness around nails.
What do nails look like with anemia?
Koilonychia is an abnormal shape of the fingernail. The nail has raised ridges and is thin and curved inward. This disorder is associated with iron deficiency anemia. Leukonychia is white streaks or spots on the nails often due to drugs or disease.
What should healthy fingernails look like?
Healthy fingernails are smooth, without pits or grooves. They’re uniform in color and consistency and free of spots or discoloration. Sometimes fingernails develop harmless vertical ridges that run from the cuticle to the tip of the nail. Vertical ridges tend to become more prominent with age.
What is the white hard stuff under my toenails?
Nail psoriasis sometimes causes too much keratin to grow under the nail. This overgrowth is called subungual hyperkeratosis. People with hyperkeratosis may notice a white, chalky substance under the nail. When this occurs in the toenails, the pressure of shoes pushing down on the nails might cause pain.
Can a dermatologist help with splitting nails?
If it’s becoming bothersome, for example, it’s best to make an appointment with your dermatologist. They can recommend helpful daily changes that could reduce nail splitting in the future. If there is a serious split in your nail that extends down to your nail bed, then it’s definitely important to see a doctor.
What is the reason for nail damage?
Common causes of nail problems include injury, infection and skin diseases such as eczema and psoriasis. Some conditions need professional treatment from a doctor or a dermatologist. People with diabetes or compromised immune systems have a higher risk of fungal nail infections.
What do nails look like with thyroid problems?
Curved nails with swollen fingertip
A swollen fingertip, curved nail, and thickening skin above a nail are often signs of thyroid disease.
Can iron deficiency cause nail problems?
Fingernails: Possible problems
Often, spoon nails are a sign of iron deficiency anemia or a liver condition known as hemochromatosis, in which your body absorbs too much iron from the food you eat. Spoon nails can also be associated with heart disease and hypothyroidism.
What are the 5 common nail problems?
Tips to treat the 5 most common nail disorders: brittle nails, onycholysis, paronychia, psoriasis, onychomycosis. Dermatol Clin.