Eczema herpeticum, also known as a form of Kaposi varicelliform eruption caused by viral infection, usually with the herpes simplex virus (HSV), is an extensive cutaneous vesicular eruption that arises from pre-existing skin disease, usually atopic dermatitis (AD).
How do you get eczema Herpeticum?
Eczema herpeticum is a rare but potentially serious complication. It can happen when areas of the skin that eczema affects come into contact with the herpes virus.
Eczema herpeticum can occur in people with any condition or injury that involves damaged skin, such as:
- contact dermatitis.
- seborrheic dermatitis.
What does eczema Herpeticum look like?
A child or person with eczema herpeticum develops a skin rash which looks like lots of little blisters. These are usually in areas where there has been a skin condition (usually atopic eczema). The spots are usually quite painful. The spots then spread to other areas of skin.
Is eczema Herpeticum an STD?
What is eczema herpeticum (EH)? Eczema herpeticum is a rare, painful skin rash usually caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). HSV-1 is the virus that causes cold sores, and it can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact.
What virus causes eczema Herpeticum?
Eczema herpeticum is caused by Herpes simplex virus HSV1, the virus that causes cold sores; it can also be caused by other related viruses. Eczema herpeticum develops when the virus infects large areas of skin, rather than being confined to a small area as in the common cold sore.
How common is eczema Herpeticum?
However, even though a majority of adults show serologic evidence of previous HSV exposure, EH occurs in less than 3% of AD patients. The unexpected rarity of AD patients with EH (ADEH+) suggests that multiple host factors play a role in the clinical expression of this complex phenotype.
An infection from Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, or other bacteria is just one cause of infected eczema. Others include fungal infections (especially from Candida) and viral infections. People with eczema may be more prone to herpes simplex viruses, so it’s important to avoid others who have cold sores.
How do I know if my eczema is infected?
Signs of an infection can include:
- your eczema getting a lot worse.
- fluid oozing from the skin.
- a yellow crust on the skin surface or small yellowish-white spots appearing in the eczema.
- the skin becoming swollen and sore.
- feeling hot and shivery and generally feeling unwell.
Can a virus trigger eczema?
A variety of viruses, bacteria, and fungi can cause infected eczema. The following are some of the more common microbes responsible for causing infected eczema: Staphylococcus aureus (staph infection) fungal infections, such as Candida albicans.